The development of tourism in Germany and its economical impact

                The development of tourism in Germany

                            1970ies, 1980ies and 1990ies

1970ies:

  • The available income of a worker per year: 5.080 Euro
  • Least vacation of 20 days in the year
  • 1970 travelled 32% of the population once a year in the vacation
  • 1973 travelled 50% of the population
  • 1976 it rose to 55%
  • Of this 55% to foreign countries and 45% stay in the same country
  • For the first time, more people travelled in other than the own country
  • Spain was very popular
  • Great Boom of package tours: 1970 only 13% of the trips, at the end of 1970 28%

1980ies:

  • The available income: 10.151 Euro
  • The travel and flight tourism experienced an impetus
  • Germany got the title “Reiseweltmeister” (world travel champion)
  • 2012 the Chinese join the competition
  • The package tours raise to 40%
  • Since 1980 travelled 65% of the population
  • Up to now this value stay the same
  • 1989 travelled 69% to foreign countries

 

 

 

1990ies:

  • The available income: 14.063 Euros
  • Since 1995: Least vacation of 24 days in the year
  • Since the reunification many citizens used their new freedom to travel
  • This led to new records
  • 43,2 million of people travelled
  • Spain was the most popular destination
  • New destinations inspire the younger people and backpacker
  • For example: India, Thailand or the USA
  • A reason for this were the cheap tickets
  • To compare:

1950:

  • A ticket to New York: 3.500 Mark
  • This is 77% of the income

1990:

  • A ticket to New York: 600 Mark
  • Only 1,2% of the income

 

The Economic Impact of Germany’s Tourism Industry

 

Impact on income

→ The production of the goods and services that tourists in Germany consume generates a gross value added of 97.0 billion euros (direct effect) in 2010. (4.4 % in total gross value added of Germany)

→ The total contribution of tourism to gross value added in Germany increases to 214.1 billion euros

                                                       

Impact on employment

→ The production of goods and services that tourists in Germany consume generate employment for 2.9 million persons (direct effect). This corresponds to 7.0 % of all employed persons in Germany.

→ The total contribution of tourism to employment in Germany increases to 4.9 million persons (indirect effects).

 

Accordingly, the total contribution of tourism to employment in Germany increases to 12.0 %.

The macroeconomic context of these results is as follows:

 

→ The direct contribution of tourism to gross value added (4.4 %) is similar in magnitude to that of the construction sector (4.3 %), the education sector (4.6 %) or the professional and technical services industry (4.6 %). Gross value added in the automo-

bile industry or in the banking and financial ser-

vices sector (both 2.5 %) is smaller.

The direct contribution of tourism to employment in Germany (7.0 %) is of similar magnitude to the retail sector (9.2 %) and the education sector (5.9 %). Other sectors, such as construction (3.0 %) or machine building (2.6 %), contribute less.

Sources

https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/EN/Publikationen/wirtschaftsfaktor-tourismus-deutschland.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

source: www.parken-und-fliegen.de

 

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