Last day – Visiting Semafor and Summary of the first meeting

The Association deals with activation of people at risk of social exclusion and help to develop economy.

Semafor co-organized conferences on the development of social economy in the county Drawsko, training people who want to set up social economy entities, managers of NGOs, accounting organizations, local partnership. Semafor supports groups wishing to set up social cooperatives. For a year or eighteen months, the unemployed get economic finance, about 400 zl.

Julia Maslowska

Definition of the concept unemployment

We talk about unemployment when a person who is actively searching for employment is unable to find work. The most frequently measure of unemployment is the unemployment rate, which is the number of unemployed people divided by the number of people in the labor force.

Economists divide unemployment into different categories:

Voluntary: When a person has left his job willingly in search of other employment

Involuntary: When a person has been fired or laid off and must look for another job.

Economists divides further both forms of unemployment in three categories:

Frictional unemployment: when a person is in-between jobs

Cyclical Unemployment: when the business cycle itself is the cause of unemployment, such as the tourism industry during the low season.

Structural Unemployment:  when people lose their jobs because their skills are outdated, due to technological advances.

Our meeting started on 23rd October 2016. i lasted until 27th October. During the first day the exchange students and host families had the chance to get to know each by visiting the town and its vicinity, the students prepared the presentations and the teachers had an organization meeting.  That was the very first meeting of school project coordinators. The teachers also worked on the tasks suggested by the Polish school and the way of achieving the project goals. There was also the discussion on the project schedule for the next months and duties connected with it.On Monday Mistress of Gimnazjum nr 1 in Złocieniec Małgorzata Głodek welcomed all the participants. Then there was a short tour of the school building, its facilities and the guests could learn some information of the educating system. After a short break the students and teachers started the workshops on entrepreneurship, unemployment, economics and Polish language.The visit at the Town Hall started at 12 o’clock. The participants met the Mayor of Złocieniec Krzysztof Zacharzewski who presented the specific functioning of the community which is closely connected with its geographical location. Topics like unemployment and job opportunities were touched as well. All the participants were given brochures presenting our region and town. At the end of the meeting the foreign guest gave souvenirs and presents to the Mayor. After that all the participants had lunch together.The Project Conference started at 4 o’clock. Apart from all the participants there were invited many special guests: the Mayor of Złocieniec, the Chairman of Town Council, representatives of other Złocieniec school, the representatives of local media, the parents and all interested students. Each partner school had an opportunity to present their country, region, town and school. All presentations focused especially on the problem of unemployment in the place of living and country in general. The students also presented their artistic talents: singing, dancing and playing instruments. During the break everyone had a chance to try local and national specialties and dishes brought by the foreign guests and hosts. The evening was ended by joint singing of “Frere Jaques” in French, English and all national languages of partner schools. The next- day  of the project meeting, 25th October, started with a short meeting at school. Then we went to meet the owner of local bakery Z. Kiełbasa. All participants visited the workplace and learned the principals of functioning of it as the example of a small business. A long-time employee gave the information on its history and every day work. The participants asked about its profitability and ways of dealing with the completion. The next event was the visit at Local Job Centre and Municipal Housing Company in Złocieniec. After greeting all the participants, the officials headed by the deputy of the Director of Local Job Centre presented information on the functioning of the Centre, unemployment rate in the region, registration procedure of unemployed people and strategies of fighting unemployment. The participants also learned what kind of jobs are needed and how to find out what one’s professional predispositions are. Then there was a lunch for all the participants. The visit in Jabłonowo- the department of National Forest Service was the next event of the day. The participants could make themselves acquainted with the European bisons habitat and its functioning as the organisation based on the proper use of natural conditions. Everyone could feed the bisons by themselves, observe other wild animals: does and lynxes. The foresters talked about their job and the caring of these wonderful animals. After visiting the educational place all the participants took part in the campfire. In the evening there was a meeting of the teachers and coordinator of the project in order to establish the rules of cooperation and management of the project. The objectives, dates and project activities were discussed. The next day of the meeting, 26th October was devoted to educational trip. Kołobrzeg was chosen as its destination.  This seaside resort was chosen as the example of a different job market from a small town. The visit started with the meeting of the President of Kołobrzeg Janusz Gromek and presenting the information on the resort and its vicinity in the respect of the job opportunities, needed professions and the requirements of possible future employers. Young participants were especially interested in information on job offers for young people mainly during the summer season. Then all the participants went to the centre to check what kind of jobs are offered by a very popular touristic town. After the lunch, they continued their research in the beach areas and seafront boulevard. On the fifth day of the meeting, 27th October we visited the Flow Technics company, which produces the fuel machines and systems. The participants learned about the functioning of a medium size production company and ways of cooperating with foreign contractors. The owner J. Kilian showed all the participants around the production hall and offices. He also talked about the beginnings of the company. The students were given information on what kind of employees are needed there and what qualities are necessary. The next event of the day were workshops with M. Lorenc, who is in charge of the project called “Lake District Vagabonds” created by 5 local groups and which is co-financed by European Union as a part of 4 LEADER Rural Development Programme 2014-2017. The participants learned how the touristic application works and were given information on the touristic advantages of the region. The last event of the day four was the visit and workshops at the agro-touristic farm in the village of Stawno run by Z. Sikora. The participants had opportunity to learn how such business functions, self-employment and how to turn one’s passion into a profitable business. After the lunch everyone started to make different handicrafts under the supervision of the owner.

In the evening there was the evaluation of  the project meeting, list of tasks for next 6 months,

Summarizing the project  and fillin in the evaluation surveys discussing. Due to the organization reasons 28th October, was devoted to presenting the participants the example of a cooperative and its aims. The visit at the SEMAFOR Association was aimed at giving the information on what can be done in order to activate socially and professionally people who are threatened by social exclusion. The president B. Głowacka presented the way of functioning of the association and how to activate the long-term unemployed. The participants had a chance to talk to the cooperative members and see their products. After coming back to school Mistress of Gimnazjum nr 1 in Złocieniec Małgorzata Głodek handed in the certificates and finally saying goodbye took place. Departures of the participants.

img_3343img_3344abb_welding_robot

Sunday 23rd October: Organization day

Teachers and students meeting in the Guest House in Złocieniec, Polish teachers show the guest the most important cultural places in the city and show as well the most usefull places in the city are. We learn where the scholl is and find agreements about the meeting program and timetable. Final adoption of the schedule for the activity

Families explain some important traditions in Złocieniecfor braking the ice by host students and guest students; they prepare some social activities.

el-adioshej

The fourth working day in Złocieniec

In the morning we visited a local company, Flow Technics, an engineering company whose business includes design and manufacturing of machinery, installations and equipment for liquid fuel transport, handling and storage. Flow Technics´ particular specialization is equipment for aviation fuels.

In the afternoon we visited Stawno and have workshops in handicraft. We made small books that we painted and stamped. It was quite cold and we were happy when we went into the beautiful farmhouse for dinner.img_3191img_3182a1img_3237img_3227img_3252

Global Learning for Mind and Heart

This website is dedicated to the project “Global Learning for Mind and Heart” an Erasmus + project in which six schools in six different countries collaborates. The coordinator of the project is Anna Arcimowicz and Małgorzata Głodek, headmistress of Gimnazjum nr 1 Im. Bohaterów Monte Cassino, Złocieniec, Poland. The other five participating schools are:  Izmir Anadolu Lisesi, Izmir, Turkey, Jaunpils vidusskola, Jaunpils, Latvia, Evangelisches Gymnasium Lippstadt, Nordheim-Westfalen, Germany, Istituto di Istruzione Superiore ”G.A. Pischedda”, Bosa, Sardinien, Italy, and Gymnasieskolan Vipan, Lund, Sweden.

The project concentrates on the following topics:

1) Entrepreneurship and unemployment

2) Dance

3) Tourism

4) Famous people

5) Migration

6) Art

euflag-erasmus_vect_pos

flag_of_poland-svgtrflag_of_sweden-svgflag_of_italy-svgflag_of_germany-svgflag_of_latvia-svg

The third session of the project: traveling to Kolobrzeg by the Baltic Sea

We started the day after breakfast with a tour to Kolobrzeg, the former Kolberg, located in the Baltic Sea coast 90 km north of Złocieniec. The trip took two hours through narrow country roads. We could see the beautiful Pomeranian countryside. When we arrived to Kołobrzeg we went directly to see the Mayor’s of Kolobrzeg,Janusz Gromek, who received us in Miejski Ośrodek Sportu i Rekreacji, a modern sports and recreation facility. He presented the city and its business community for us. Then we got a presentation of the city’s employment situation and the particular situation of a tourist magnet, where more than one million health tourists visit the city annually. The city, which has 57,000 inhabitants, has a capacity of 50,000 beds. From the city goes ferry service to Bornholm in Denmark.

The towns history begin as a Slavic settlement  at the site of modern Budzistowo. Thietmar of Merseburg first mentioned the site as Salsa Cholbergiensis. The city later joined the Hanseatic League. Within the Duchy of Pomerania, the town was the urban center of the secular reign of the prince-bishops of Cammin and their residence throughout the High and Late Middle Ages.

The Thirty Years’ War in the 17th century brought the period of prosperity to an end. Following the war, Kolobrzeg and the whole West Pomeranian region became a part of Brandenburg under the Westphalian peace treaty, and then later passed into the hands of Prussia. In addition, the end of the Hanseatic League hindered the development of commerce in the town.

During the Napoleonic Wars in 1807, Kolobrzeg was a military fortress that was never taken by hostile forces, neither then nor in World War II. However, much of the old fortifications remain to this day. From 1872 Kolobrzeg no longer functioned as a military fortress – instead it was quickly transformed into a health resort with railway connections to Berlin, Poznan, Gdansk and Szczecin.img_3123

Second session in Złocieniec

Picture
Picture

On Tuesday October 25, during the second session, we started the day at school and then walked around the city searching a bakery, which we eventually found. We were shown around the plant and the foreman explained how the company worked. The students asked questions, and finally we all got to taste the good bread they baked. Then we walk on to the employment office, where we were received by the Director for the entire agency. All participating students and teachers learned about the extent of unemployment in the region and different kind of measures the authorities take in order to remedy the problem and to support the unemployed. We were also shown around the office and asked questions to members of the staff.

During the afternoon we visited an area for the protection of bisons and lynxes.  Then we grilled sausages and spent a wonderful time together enjoying a beautiful autumn evening.

Dorontina and Hamed working on their presentation in Zlocieniec, Poland

  1. Our country, our region, our town and our school

  2. Sweden is situated in the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. 86% of the swedes live in cities as Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmö, Lund e.t.c.
  3. it is a large country, which measures 1572 kilometers from south to north. We live in the southernmost part of the country, in the Scania region, in the town of Lund, just 17 kilometers from Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark. In fact, Scania belonged to Denmark until 1658, when it became a part of Sweden.
  4. Fortunately, we have avoided war since the end of the Napoleonic wars, more than two hundred years.
  5. Sweden is a constitutional monarchy since 1809. The Swedish dynasty is originally from France. The first king of the House of Bernadotte, was a French general and a friend of Napoleon, who became King of Sweden and Norway in 1815. At present the Swedish king, Carl XVI Gustav, has no real power, and no other function than to represent Sweden abroad. The political power lays in The Swedish Parliament, elected by the people every four years.
  6. Läs några på bilden men här har ni hela listan:
  7. 1/3 of the workforce is employed in the public sector, in municipalities, counties and the state.
  8. Unemployment is low in absolute terms, compared to other European countries. Only 6,6%
  9. But youth unemployment is very high, 20,2%, which, for example, is 4% higher than in Poland
  10. Sweden has long been a country that people emigrated from. Especially in the latter part of the 19th century, over 1.3 million Swedes emigrated mainly to the USA, but also to Germany, Denmark, Holland, Australia and countries in South America. Sweden was mostly an emigrating country until refugees escaping World War II began to slowly change it back into an immigrating country, which is what it is today. Migrants from Germany and other Nordic and Baltic countries made up the bulk of immigrants. While many Germans and Scandinavians returned home after the war, many immigrants from the Baltics remained.

 

The next set of migrants during these decades were workers from Finland, Italy, Greece, the former Yugoslavia, Turkey and other Balkan countries who came looking for job opportunities once World War II was over.

 

The post-war immigration led to a housing shortage in the 1950s. As a consequence, the Swedish government made the radical decision to build 100,000 flats per year between 1965 and 1974, an initiative commonly called the Million Programme.

The rise of asylum seekers began in the 1980s when Sweden saw some of its highest immigration from countries like Iran and Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Eritrea and Somalia, as well as South American countries with repressive regimes.

 

Today, some 45,000 people with Chilean background reside in Sweden, following the refugee waves caused by Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship of Chile during 1973–1990. Relatively few returned to Chile after Pinochet was ousted from power in 1990, and today Sweden is home to the third largest Chilean community outside of Chile, after Argentina and the US.

 

Iran–Iraq War

 

In September 1980, Iraq launched an attack on Iran that marked the start of a bloody eight-year war between the two countries. The war ended up costing hundreds of thousands of lives on both sides.

 

From 1980 through 1989, nearly 7,000 people from Iraq and 27,000 from Iran received residence permits in Sweden as refugees according to the Geneva Convention. The US-led invasion of Iraq, which started in 2003, led to yet another wave of Iraqis migrating to Sweden.

 

The 1990s brought massive immigration from former Yugoslavia during the ethnic cleansing wars with over 100,000 Bosnians being granted asylum in Sweden alongside 3,600 Kosovo Albanians.

 

Between 1991 and 1999, a series of military conflicts occurred on the Balkans, causing massive bloodshed and severe economic damage in most of the former Yugoslav republics. The wars mostly resulted in peace accords, and several new states were formed.

 

When Sweden joined the Schengen co-operation in 2001, this meant open borders between the country and other European Union (EU) member states and an influx of other EU citizens into the country looking for work and love. Migration in total – both to and from Sweden – grew after 2000.

 

Almost 29,000 people from countries outside of the EU and the European Economic Area (EEA) moved to Sweden for work during the 2000s. Head of the press unit at the Swedish Migration Agency, Fredrik Bengtsson, says: ‘In Europe, Sweden is a key destination and recipient country for asylum seekers.’

 

The Swedish population grew by more than 100,000 in 2014. This was the result of record high immigration (127,000) and more births than deaths. But more than 50,000 people also chose to leave the country.

 

Refugees from active war zones continue to immigrate to Sweden. In 2014, there were over 80,000 asylum seekers, with the three largest groups being Syrians, Eritreans and people with no state or country (stateless). Only Germany received more asylum seekers than Sweden in 2014, followed by Italy and France.

 

Head of the press unit at the Swedish Migration Agency, Fredrik Bengtsson, says: ‘The year 2014 was the second highest level on record for asylum seeking applications; second only to 1992 when more than 84,000 people, many of them fleeing the former Yugoslavia, requested asylum in Sweden.’

 

This is because Sweden granted permanent residence permits to all Syrians who were in Sweden seeking asylum. Since the war in Syria started, around 70,000 Syrians have come to Sweden. (New laws from 2016 limit the possibilities of being granted residence permits.)

 

In 2014 every fifth immigrant was from Syria and in 2015 almost every fourth, making Syrians the single largest immigrant group. This makes for a change since usually, most people moving to Sweden are actually returning Swedes.

 

In 2015, more than 160,000 people sought asylum in Sweden – twice as many as in 2014. Sweden’s self-image as open and tolerant is challenged as asylum applications pile up, housing becomes scarcer and xenophobia more visible.

 

The official population growth in 2015 was a little over 100,000. The figure includes more than 75,000 immigrants, but excludes most of the asylum seekers since they only become officially part of the population after they’ve been granted asylum. A particular challenge is the fact that 35,000 asylum seekers were ‘unaccompanied minors’, namely children who arrive in Sweden without parents.

 

In the wake of the ongoing Syrian Civil War, Sweden has welcomed more refugees than any other European country in relation to its population – and it has taken its toll on parts of society.

Policy changes

 

Ylva Johansson, Sweden’s Minister for Employment and coordinator of the government’s work with refugees, comments on the situation: ‘This unprecedented population increase has resulted in a lack of practical resources, from housing to schools to healthcare. And that’s why we can’t continue having such a large number of people coming here year after year – it’s stretching our system.’

(Read the full interview on The Local Voices.)

 

Since the end of 2015, the Swedish government has – as a temporary measure – tightened border controls, making it harder to enter Sweden without a valid passport or other identification document. Refugees who don’t want to apply for asylum in Sweden are not allowed to cross the Swedish border.

 

Other measures have also been taken. In June 2016, the Swedish parliament adopted legislative changes for asylum seekers, which – among other things – mean tougher financial requirements in cases of migration to be with close family. Sweden’s policy changes are partly due to the fact that most other EU countries have failed to receive their agreed share of refugees.

 

(jag kommer att korta ned det här)

 

  1. The city of Lund is more than 1000 year old. The founding of the city dates back to the year of 990, when Sven Tveskägg ruled. His son, Knut The Great, founded a mint in winter of 1019-1020. In that way the importance of the city could be secured. Today only a few of the medieval buildings are left intact. During the Middle Ages, Lund was a church centre. The town was the spiritual capital of Denmark and was referred to as both Metropolis Daniae and the Nordic Rome. Thanks to a donation from the holy Knut in year1085, the possibility was made to build a cathedral. The Cathedral of Lund was built to honor S.t Laurentius. The western section of the church and the crypt was finished in 1123. In 1145, bishop Eskil consecrated the main cathedral building.
  2. Until the late 19th century, Lund was a little town of a few thousand souls, but industrialization and the expansion of the University have turned Lund into a small big city. Internationally well-known industries such as TetraPak, Alfa Laval and Gambro employs highly skilled workforce, as well as the pharmaceutical industry and ICT-development companies in the industrial incubator IDEON.
  3. Lund University was founded in 1666 as a step in the process of making Scane Swedish. The new university was given the name Regia Academia Carolina. At the beginning there were only four faculties – theology, law, medicine and philosophy. Ad utrumque, ‘prepared for both’, is Lund University’s motto, referring to the book and the sword in the University’s seal from the 17th century. Today the expression can be applied to a number of the dual values for which the University stands, such as tradition and innovation or breadth and depth.